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EDWARD WILLIS REDFIELD
"Drifted Road", 1917
oil on canvas
signed and dated lower right "E.W. Redfield 1917"
38 x 50 inches
- Provenance: Newman Galleries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Private Collection.
- Exhibited: Allentown, Pennsylvania, Allentown Art Museum, "Edward Redfield: First Master of the Twentieth Century Landscape", September 20, 1987 - January 10, 1988 and Youngstown, Ohio, The Butler Institute of American Art, February 14 - April 2, 1988.
- Literature: F. Newlin Price, "Edward Redfield ~ Painter of Days", in "International Studio" (vol. 75), August 1922, pp. 402-410, p. 403 (illustrated in color); J.M.W. Fletcher, "Edward Willis Redfield: An American Impressionist, His Paintings and the Man Behind the Palette", (Lahaska, Pennsylvania: JMWF Publishing, 1996), p. 161, cat. no. 198.
Notes: This work is listed in the inventory of 157 works owned by Redfield at the time of his death in 1965 (no. 11).
Framed dimensions:47 1/4 x 59 1/4 x 1 3/4 inches
Edward Redfield was a leading member of the group of landscape painters who lived and worked in Bucks County, Pennsylvania and became known as the New Hope School of American Impressionists. As his reputation grew, Redfield lured other artists to the area including Daniel Garber and Walter Schofield, establishing the region as an important center of American Impressionism. The New Hope School embraced the French Impressionist approach to painting en plein air and capturing the changing effects of natural light while developing their own distinct idiom in the Bucks County landscape.
Born in Bridgeville, Delaware, Redfield studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia from 1885-1889. There, he worked under Thomas Anschutz and Thomas Hovendon and befriended Robert Henri. In 1889, Redfield traveled to Paris to train with William Bougereau and Tony Robert-Fleury at the Academie Julian. He briefly studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts and traveled to Fontainebleau with Henri in 1891. On his first visit, Redfield stayed in Europe until 1893 visiting France, Italy and England and painting Impressionist scenes en plein air. He visited France again from 1898-1900 for an extended stay working in Alfortville, near the confluence of the Seine and Marne rivers. When he returned to the United States, he moved to Center Bridge, near New Hope, Pennsylvania.
Although Redfield and Henri depicted different subjects, both artists returned from Europe with a commitment to Realism and the goal of developing a new, distinctive version of American Art. Redfield depicted the Bucks County landscape around him, especially in the winter, and traveled to Monhegan Island to paint in the summers. He painted prolifically in the 1890s and by the beginning of the twentieth century had developed his mature style. His best paintings, including Drifted Road, were painted during this period. The larger works, including the present lot, were typically intended for exhibition.
Redfield showed his paintings regularly in both American and European exhibitions earning prizes or medals at the the Exposition Universelle in Paris, the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, numerous prizes at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the St. Louis World's Fair, the Corcoran Gallery, Paris Salons, Art Institute of Chicago, Panama-Pacific Exposition and the National Academy of Design. He was elected an associate of the N.A.D. in 1904 and a full academician in 1906.
Redfield is best known for his snow scenes painted quickly, en plein air. Even in his later years, he painted outdoors year-round. Redfield's paintings are included in numerous important public and private collections including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Philadelphia Museum of Art among others. With the exception of John Singer Sargent, Redfield is said to be more decorated with awards, prizes and medals than any other American artist of the twentieth century.
Tags: oil painting, listed artist, Pennsylvania Impressionist, Pennsylvania Impressionism, American Impressionist, American Impressionism, New Hope School, New Jersey
Condition: In overall very good to excellent condition; unlined canvas; a few very minor dots of in-paint apparent under UV
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