American, 1880-1958

"Elm Bough", August 1940

oil on canvas
signed lower right "Daniel Garber"
28 x 30 inches

  • Provenance: The artist; sold to Molly Woods (Mrs. John R.) Hare, Langhorne, Pennsylvania; bequeathed to Edward L. Johnstone, Princeton, New Jersey, 1956; to (his wife) Mrs. Edward L. Johnstone, Florida, 1976; by descent in the family; Sotheby's, New York, New York, December 3, 2008, lot 85; Private Collection.
  • Exhibited: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, McClees Galleries, 1940
  • Literature: Lance Humphries, "Daniel Garber: Catalogue Raisonné, vol. II", (New York: Hollis Taggart Galleries, 2006), cat. no. P757, p. 266 (illustrated).
  • Notes: Documented in the Artist's Record Book I, page 61, lines 25-26.

    Framed dimensions: 40 3/4 x 42 3/4 x 2 1/4 inches

    Daniel Garber was a leading member of the group of landscape painters who lived and worked in Bucks County, Pennsylvania and became known as the New Hope School of American Impressionists. The New Hope School embraced the French Impressionist approach to painting en plein air and capturing the changing effects of natural light while developing their own distinct idiom in the Bucks County landscape.

    Garber was born in Manchester, Indiana and attended the Art Academy of Cincinnati where he studied with Frank Duveneck. In 1899 he enrolled at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia where he studied under William Merritt Chase, Thomas Anschutz, J. Alden Weir and Hugh Breckenridge. He opened his own studio in Philadelphia in 1901 working as a portrait painter and commercial artist until 1905.

    In 1905, Garber won the Pennsylvania Academy's Cresson Traveling Scholarship which allowed him to spend two years in England, France and Italy. In Paris, Garber was inspired by the French Impressionists, particularly Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro. He exhibited his paintings at the Paris Salon. He returned to the United States in 1907 settling in Lumberville, Pennsylvania just on the outskirts of New Hope. There he painted the landscape, woods and quarries of Bucks County becoming a central figure in the growing New Hope School.

    Where his predecessor, Edward Redfield painted quickly with bold brushstrokes and a juicy paint application, Garber painted delicately, layering thinned paint to create depth of color. Both artists are considered leaders of the New Hope School and more broadly important artists in the history of American Impressionism.

    In 1909, Garber accepted a teaching position at the Pennsylvania Academy and remained there for 41 years. He earned the First Hallgarten prize at the National Academy of Design in New York in 1908 and was awarded a Gold Medal at the Panama-Pacific exhibition in 1915. Garber was elected an associate of the N.A.D. in 1910 and a full academician in 1913. His works are displayed in collections including the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Smithsonian Museum of American Art and the Saint Louis Art Museum.

    Tags: oil painting, listed artist, Pennsylvania Impressionist, Pennsylvania Impressionism, American Impressionist, American Impressionism, New Hope School, New Jersey
  • Condition: In excellent overall condition; unlined canvas; a few very minor dots of possible restoration (additional UV photos available upon request)

    We are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Shannon’s is merely a subjective qualified opinion. Frames on all paintings are sold "As Is". Frames may need some conservation. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING CONDITION OF A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD “AS IS” IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE. 

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