American, 1871-1951

"Landscape, Croquet", ca. 1908

oil on canvas
signed lower left "John Sloan"
9 1/4 x 11 inches

  • Provenance: ACA Galleries, New York, New York, 1988; Private Collection, Maryland.
  • Notes: John Sloan Archives no. 569; No. 19 checklist of 1906-11 early landscapes by John Sloan compiled by Grant Holcomb.

    Framed dimensions: 15 1/8 x 17 1/4 x 1 3/4 inches

    Born in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania in 1871, John Sloan moved with his family to Philadelphia in 1884 where he attended Central High School alongside classmates William Glackens and Albert Coombs Barnes. In 1888, Sloan worked for a bookseller and print dealer and taught himself how to make etchings. In 1891, he enrolled in drawing classes at the Spring Garden Institute and started working as a freelance commercial artist. He joined the art department at the Philadelphia Inquirer in 1892 and started art classes at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Inspired by Robert Henri, Sloan started painting with oils in the late 1890s. He first painted portraits and later Philadelphia city scenes, exhibiting for the first time at the Pennsylvania Academy in 1900.

    In 1904, together with his wife, Dolly, the couple moved to New York City. There, Sloan continued to paint scenes of city life in Greenwich Village and the Tenderloin district. In 1908, he participated in the historic exhibition of paintings by "The Eight" at Macbeth Gallery alongside other Ashcan artists, Robert Henri, William Glackens, Ernest Lawson, George Luks, Arthur B. Davies, Maurice Prendergast and Everett Shinn. Sloan came to be regarded as a central figure in the Ashcan school. In 1910, he helped organize the exhibition of Independent Artists.

    From 1914-1918, Sloan would summer in Gloucester, Massachusetts along with other artists including Stuart Davis, Paul Cornoyer, Agnes M. Richmond and Charles and Alice Winter. Inspired by European trends seen at the 1913 Armory Show in New York City, Sloan would begin to paint with a brighter color palette.

    The present lot dates to around 1908 and depicts a coastal summer scene. The two young women in the foreground are dressed in bright summer white and pink. Sloan masterfully uses quick, bold brush strokes to capture the wind in the air and the movement of the two girls. In his published diaries Sloan records evenings spent with his friends playing rounds of croquet after dinner and watching their children play in the yard.

    Sloan taught painting at the Art Students League in New York City beginning in 1914. His students included Alexander Calder, David Smith, Reginald Marsh, Barnett Newman among many others. After 1919, he would travel to Santa Fe to spend his summers and there he met Diego Rivera and Jose Clemente Orozco. In the 1920s he returned to portraits and painted nudes. He died in 1951 in Hanover, New Hampshire.

    Tags: The Eight, oil painting, New England, beach scene, Ashcan School, listed artist, American Impressionist, American Impressionism, croquet
  • Condition: in overall excellent condition; very minor in-paint along areas of frame abrasion, center left; wax lined canvas

    We are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Shannon’s is merely a subjective qualified opinion. Frames on all paintings are sold "As Is". Frames may need some conservation. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING CONDITION OF A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD “AS IS” IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE. 

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