Catalog Essay | October 24, 2019 | Lot 91
Frederick Mulhaupt arrived in Cape Ann around 1907 and would continue to paint there until his death in 1938. He became a year-round resident of Gloucester in 1922. Following the legacy of numerous notable American artists including Fritz Hugh Lane, Winslow Homer, William Morris Hunt, John H. Twachtman and Childe Hassam, Mulhaupt summered in Gloucester painting in the abun-dant light and studying the fishermen locals.
Mulhaupt was born in Rockport, Missouri in 1871 of German descent. He grew up on the southern border of Kansas in a region largely unsettled and still Native American territory. He moved away from the area to Kansas City, Missouri where he apprenticed with a local sign painter. Soon he attended the Kansas City School of Design.
Although the specific dates are unknown, Mulhaupt attended the Art Institute of Chicago in the early 1890s and became one of the founding members of the Palette and Chisel Club in 1895. In 1904 he left Chicago and took up residence at New York City’s famed Salmagundi Club. He trav-elled frequently to Europe to further hone his skills as an artist visiting France and England.
In Paris, he joined the American Art Association, an expatriate group formed in 1890. Although not expressly an Impressionist group, many American artists were influenced by the works of the Impressionists that they encountered while in Paris. Mulhaupt incorporated the Impressionist approach to painting in his Gloucester scenes that successfully depict the fleeting effects of light and air.
Mulhaupt returned to States and again his address was listed at the Salmagundi Club indicating his success as an artist. He spent his summers visiting and painting in Gloucester. There, he truly hit his stride as an artist. He exhibited at the Gallery-on-the-Moors in five of the seven summer exhi-bitions. He was a founding member of the North Shore Arts Association, formed in 1922 and exhib-ited there from 1923 until his death in 1938.
Although he kept his connections to the New York City art world, Mulhaupt spent increasing amounts of time in Gloucester. He married Agnes Leone Kinglsley in 1921 and the couple had a son in 1922. That same year, he became a permanent resident of Gloucester buying a house on Main Street in the center of the community.
In 1926, Mulhaupt was elected as an Associate member of the National Academy of Design. He received numerous other awards and recognitions and was a highly accomplished artist during his lifetime.
There were painters in Gloucester in the old days who were more exact than he was—more “authentic” in that they got the shape of each boat exactly right. But many of these painters, as you looked at their work, might just as well have been painting a scene in England or Norway. Mulhaupt got the smell of Gloucester on canvas. He captured the mood of the place—and that’s worth all the good drawing of a hundred lesser painters. —Emile Gruppe