PORTRAIT OF JULIUS BARD
oil on canvas, 33 1⁄4x 27 1⁄4inches,
signed and dated lower right "M. Liebermann 11"
Purchased from Ted Bard (grand-nephew of Julius Bard); Private Collection.
Note: A copy of “Die "Kart" : Erinnerungsblätter aus der kartographischen
Abteilung des stellvertretenden Generalstabes der Armee.”
Published in Berlin in 1916 and numbered 83 accompanies the lot.
This volumes includes a lithographic portrait of Julius Bard and
Dr. Engelmann by Joseph Oppenheimer. The frontispiece is engraved
“no 83, for Grenadier Julius Bard”
This work will be included in the addendum to the catalogue raisonné
on the artist being compled by Prof. Dr. Matthias Eberle and
Drs. Margreet Nouwen, Berlin, Germany.
Max Liebermann was a key figure in 19th century German art and a leader in GermanImpressionism. By the 1890s, he was the leading artist in Berlin and a highly sought-after portraitist. Liebermann is credited with fostering an appreciation for Impressionism in Germany and for building an important collection of Impressionism.
A prolific artist, Liebermann, worked as both a painter and printmaker. In his early works, he was influenced by the French Barbizon artist Jean-Francois Millet and the German Realist painter Adolph Menzel. In the summer of 1873, Liebermann went to visit Barbizon, south of Paris, to study with Millet and other members including Camille Corot and Charles Daubigny. As Liebermann continued to travel and study painting, he became a realist artist painting everyday scenes of the poor, elderly and working class. He felt that his depictions of the working class would encourage social reform.
In the 1890s, Liebermann influenced heavily by the French Impressionists Edouard Manet and EdgarDegas, begin to champion German Impressionism. His version of Impressionism favored narrative over atmosphere and composition, and in that way became distinct from many of the French Impressionists.
During this time, at the turn of the century, Liebermann became a highly sought-after society portrait artist. Frans von Lenbach and Wilhelm Leibl were two German portrait artists from a generation before whom Liebermann admired. In his portraits, Liebermann captured members of the Berlin upper-class with an Impressionist sensibility. He used soft, pastel colors, broad brushstrokes and heavy impasto.
The present lot is a portrait of Liebermann’s publisher Julius Bard. Bard was an important publisher of art books and periodicals. In 1921, Bard published Ludwig Justi’s monograph on Liebermann as part of a series of official publications of the National Gallery of Berlin.
Liebermann led the Berlin Secession from its founding in 1898-1911. He continued to maintain his affiliation with the Academy and became the president of the Prussian Academy of Art from 1920-1932. His works are in many major museums internationally including his own house museum in Berlin and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.